10 Commonly Abused Drugs

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Drugs

There are several types of drugs and prescription pills; Marijuana is just one of the thousands. We put up a list of 10 commonly abused drugs and facts you should be knowledgeable.

Barbiturates

These substances are administered through the veins, muscles or taken with a pill. The common reason of individuals abusing these substances is to hinder other drugs’ effects especially from the kick and attentiveness from taking drugs like cocaine. Both alcohol and these substances are known to be common for being brain-relaxers. Abusers use Barbiturates to feel the same feeling of alcohol intoxication. High doses can cause difficulty in breathing and even withdrawal.

Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines are substances abused in 2 ways. One is by taking them following the prescribed amount then gradually increasing. The other one is by obtaining them illegally and getting addicted. Proper use of the substance provides short-term solutions for sleep difficulty and anxiety. Abusers will experience symptoms of drowsiness, sleepiness, lack of coordination, hostility and irritability. They can also suffer frequent nightmares. Instances of abusing Benzodiazepines with other drugs can cause comatose.

Sleeping Pills

People use sleeping pills to help them with their insomnia. What people don’t know is that you can get addicted to sleeping pills. Withdrawal after stopping taking these pills is a sign of addiction. Other signs of addiction also include cravings, seeing another doctor for more sleeping pills, frequent memory loss, several failed attempts to quit and continuing to use the medication despite the knowledge of the negative consequences. A lot of people get addicted when they increase their doses.

Codeine and Morphine

Codeine and Morphine are pain relievers commonly abused by users. Sample brands include Avinza, Kadian and Roxanol. The Morphine’s euphoria and pain relief make it addictive. Individuals who take Euphoria under doctor’s supervision are prone to addiction. A study shows that there are currently 6 million people addicted to Morphine. Codeine, on the other hand, has side effects including stomach bleeding, kidney and liver damage, constipation, disorientation and depression. Prolong abuse can cause respiratory diseases.

Oxycodone

Oxycodone is a pain reliever which treats moderate to severe pain. Most common brand names of oxycodone include Oxycontin, Percodan and Percocet. Some of the effects of abusing this substance include tolerance, physiological dependence and addiction. Addiction will cause a person to lie or steal for more supply, change of personality and interests, isolation and continual usage despite medical or financial hardships.

Amphetamines

Opposite to sleeping pills, Amphetamines cause people to be alert. This substance can be administered orally, through injection or simply as snorting. Signs and symptoms of abuse of this drugs include high body temperature, Euphoria, high blood pressure, dry mouth, faster breathing, dilated pupils, increased energy, decreased fatigue and appetite. It can also cause worse effects including hostility, paranoia, nausea, blurred vision, hallucinations, malnutrition, convulsions, skin disorders and reduction of social inhibitions.

Methylphenidate

Also known as Ritalin, these drugs come in small pills and serve as a central nervous system stimulant. Abusers usually crush the tablets to powder and snort the pills. Long term effects of using this drug include loss of appetite, high heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature, dilated pupils, disturbed sleeping patterns, nausea, hallucinations, violent behavior, psychosis and even seizures and death. Long-term effects include permanent damage to blood vessels, liver, kidney and lung, respiratory problems, contagious disease, disorientation, and depression.

Dextromethorphan

Dextromethorphan is an over-the-counter drug used as cough suppressant which can be purchased by anyone. The results from abusing this substance differ depending on the amount, other drugs taken with it and the amount of alcohol mixed with it. Initial symptoms include mild inebriation. After which, the abuser will experience slurred speech and possible mild hallucinations. The next plateau is the abuser’s altered state of consciousness and impaired senses. The last stage will result to the abuser losing contact with his or her own body and senses failing.

Pseudoephedrine

Pseudoephedrine is a common substance in over-the-counter cold medications. Mixing it with other drugs or alcohol can cause psychosis and respiratory depression. An abuser can experience chronic abdominal pain, hallucinations, and convulsions. If the abuser is pregnant, it will severely affect her baby. If the blood supply interferes, it will cause deformities.

If you suspect a family member or a close friend abusing drugs, the ideal move is to approach them and ask them. With this information, you will be able to keep an eye on signs and symptoms of drug abuse. For parents, make sure to explain how legal drugs can also be harmful when abused.

Author Bio – This article is written by Jeff Miller on behalf of The Cabin Sydney, an effective and affordable drug rehab centre in Sydney, Australia.