Sexually transmitted diseases or sexually transmitted infections are health problems that people acquire through sexual intercourse or acts. The primary method of transmission is through fluid substances, including semen, blood, and vaginal fluids. These body fluids may contain parasites, bacteria, and viruses responsible for sexually transmitted diseases (STD). However, infants may also acquire infections through their mothers during childbirth, pregnancy, or when breastfeeding. The symptoms of STD, such as penis discharge and pain when having sex, may make you shy away from seeking help. Fortunately, with medical health professionals like Dr. Michael Rotman, confidentiality is guaranteed besides comprehensive treatment.
What are the symptoms of sexually transmitted infections?
The signs and symptoms for sexually transmitted infections are different for each patient, depending on the type of infection you may have. The examples of sexually transmitted diseases include:
· Hepatitis B
· Genital herpes
The symptoms of sexually transmitted infections are dictated by the type of disease one is having. Some of the symptoms associated with these infections include:
· Painful sexual intercourse
· Pain in your lower abdomen
· A foul smell from vaginal discharge
· Abnormal vaginal bleeding
A regular medical check-up is necessary as you can have these diseases without the signs and symptoms. Your doctor may detect infection during a routine examination. This will help you begin treatment early when the condition is manageable.
Ways to prevent sexually transmitted diseases
Although there are plenty of ways to lower your risk of sexually transmitted diseases, abstaining is by far the most effective preventive method.
Having multiple sexual partners put you at risk of acquiring viruses and bacteria that cause sexually transmitted infections. Ensure both you and your partner are tested to avoid infection each other with these infections. Not only does being faithful to your partner show your integrity, but it also saves you from getting these diseases from other people.
Fortunately, you can vaccinate yourself against different sexually transmitted infections, including hepatitis B and hepatitis A. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, both boys and girls between 11 and 12 are eligible for the human papillomavirus vaccine. The vaccine can also be given in later years for 26-year-old individuals. Newborn babies can be given the hepatitis B vaccine and an additional hepatitis A when they hit the one-year mark. There are some cases where both vaccines are recommended, for example, patients under IV drugs and men who perform sexual acts with other men.
Expressing your concerns and prerequisites before any sexual act is an excellent way to avoid unwanted events. Inform your partner on the need to practice safe sex and pass your points across accordingly. Ensure that both of you are in mutual agreement on the dos and don’ts during sexual intercourse. If you experience any signs and symptoms of an STI, be sure to inform your partner for you to take the necessary measures and avoid re-infection after treatment.
Finding out that you have a sexually transmitted infection can take a toll on you. With the fear of having infected other people, you can be consumed by feelings of guilt. Fortunately, treatment for STDs involves extra services, including support groups that may help you cope with your situation. If you need treatment or screening for sexually transmitted diseases, book a session with your trusted specialist.