LASIK surgery is a type of surgery that is performed using laser beams to reshape part of the eye. It’s purpose is normally to correct vision defects such as astigmatism, nearsightedness and farsightedness. Since these conditions are caused by errors in the way the cornea refracts light, LASIK surgery is sometimes referred to as refractive surgery.
LASIK surgery is an elective surgery. The conditions it is used to treat are nearly always treatable in other ways. For example, people may choose to wear glasses or contact lenses. Therefore, people should carefully evaluate the benefits of having LASIK surgery, as well as the risks.
No type of surgery is free from some risk. During LASIK surgery, the surgeon makes a tiny incision in the eye to gain access to the cornea. Any incision can become infected, and an infection in this area could be painful and harmful. Fortunately, it is a rare occurrence. There is no guarantee that the surgery will be successful. In some cases, a patient’s vision may be worse after having LASIK surgery.
If you are thinking about having LASIK surgery, your ophthalmologist will discuss the procedure and the risks with you. Ultimately, provided there are no underlying problems that prevent you from having LASIK surgery, the decision rests with you.
Medical conditions that may increase risk factors
- Immune system deficiencies.
If you have problems with your immune system, elective surgery should be avoided. You are more likely to develop infection.
- Dry eyes
If your eyes are often dry, LASIK surgery can make your condition worse.
- Eye anatomy
Every eye is unique, and the shape and structure of your eyes may make surgery inadvisable. If your cornea is very thin, surgery is not recommended. Similarly, if the cornea is very irregular, it may not be possible to correct your vision.
Glaucoma is a condition in which there is too much pressure in the eye. During LASIK surgery, the surgeon attaches a suction device to the eyeball, which increases the pressure. Consequently, LASIK surgery is not recommended for people with this condition.
Millions of people around the globe have LASIK surgery every year without any problems. If you live in St Louis and would like more information about the procedure, get in contact with us. We will arrange an eye test, which will let us know whether you are a good candidate.