The central structure of the human body is provided by the skeletal system. Conditions and diseases of the skeletal system have wide reaching impact on the health of the human body.

Orthopedic surgeons are specialized in the treatment and correction of injuries, illnesses and conditions of the skeleton as well as its related systems of connective tissue and muscles. Orthopedic surgery is one of the most complicated and highly paid disciplines of medicine. There is high demand for top ten orthopedic surgeons in India.


Orthopedic surgery is made of various specializations. These are as follows:

  • Pediatric orthopedics:

Pediatric orthopedic surgeons treat a wide range of conditions in adolescents and children to treat all parts of the body from the skull to the feet. These include conditions like congenital deformities, broken bones, cerebral palsy, sports injuries etc. The bodies of children are less firm and delicate, needing a superior level of skill in surgery.

  • Hand and foot:

Some of the most complicated structures in the body are foot, ankle, hand and wrist. Hand surgeons do treatment of deformities, fractures, vascular conditions and stress injuries like carpal tunnel syndrome. Similarly, foot surgeons are experts in treating ankle and foot conditions like repairing ligaments and tendons, correcting deformities, repairing fractures and treating rheumatoid arthritis. These specialists help improve the patient’s quality of life to a large extent.

  • Sports medicine:

Sports involve a healthy and active lifestyle as well as being prone to mishaps like broken bones and other injuries. Orthopedic surgeons conduct repairs to hips, elbows, shoulder’s, knees etc. Mostly, they help to prolong the professional life of sportsmen by many years.

  • Care of joints:

Joint care overlaps with sports medicine but it is a specialized medical field in its own right. Surgeons help in ligaments’ arthroscopic reconstruction in knees and hips and conduct other procedures for treating arthritis and other such degenerative disorders affecting ligaments and bones. The most severe cases are treated by knee or hip replacement surgery.

  • Trauma surgery:

Violent actions, natural disasters and accidents may result in serious injuries to the musculo-skeletal system. When faced with emergency victims, trauma surgeons try to repair ligaments and bones putting a limit on damage. Such surgeons also conduct long term care for several patients while undergoing rehab from injury or surgery.

  • Spinal surgery:

The spinal column is an important part of the body being the center of the skeletal system of the body. It is also a conduit protecting all major nerves in the region. When the spinal cord suffers injury or is deformed, it has very crucial impact like lost mobility, chronic pain and impaired motion. Spinal surgeons help in treating spinal deformities, injuries, tumors and degenerative disorders, apart from other conditions.

ORTHOPEDIC DOCTORS (Medical orthopedists)

Orthopedic doctors or medical orthopedists treat the diseases and conditions of the musculo-skeletal system by use of non-surgical methods. There are sports injuries which involve sprains, fractures and strains, all of which are the domain of orthopedic doctors. So also are conditions like tendinitis and bursitis which are types of stress injury. Age related conditions such as osteoporosis and arthritis make bones fragile and brittle. The type of treatments depends on the condition but usually features modification of lifestyle and diet, medication and physical therapy. Consult top 10 orthopedic doctors in India by doing an online search.

These are some aspects about orthopaedic doctors and surgeons.